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Safety Data Sheets

These are provided as Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) files. If you do not have an Acrobat Reader you can download the latest version free of charge

 
   

Instructions for Use - Click on the product name to go to the information

 
Aluminium Sulphate (or Aluminum Sulfate in the USA)

Supplied in kibbled form, these are large flakes of Aluminium Sulphate, also know as Alum. It is the traditional coagulant for water treatment applications including swimming pools with sand filters. In alkaline solution, Aluminium Hydroxide is formed which is insoluble and has a positive charge. The negatively charged particles, which contribute to water cloudiness, are attracted to the positive Aluminium Hydroxide particles, which become larger and heavier and more easily removed from the water. The best practice is to ensure that this takes place in the filter, not in the pool water itself. The following should be taken into consideration.

Use only with sand filters.

The presence of Sulphates in the pool water may adversely affect tile grout. This is especially likely if placed in skimmers where a high concentration will locally occur.

If flocculation takes place in the pool, particles will sink to the bottom and you will have to vacuum them up. Also, there will be an unnecessary amount, albeit small, of Aluminium in the bathing water.

An alkalinity above 75mg/litre as Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) is required.

Best filtration is achieved at low flow rates. With high flow rates, the presence of coagulants ("flocculants") may have a limited effect.

Backwash the filter before dosing.

Use of Aluminium Sulphate lowers pH. Always check pH after Aluminium Sulphate dosing and adjust to the optimum range of pH7.2 to 7.6

In commercial pools, liquid Aluminium compounds are metered in automatically, but in domestic pools this is usually not practical. Traditionally, solid Aluminium Sulphate dose rates of 20mg/litre are employed (i.e. 900 gms in a 45,000 litre/10,000 gallon pool). However, this is likely to lead to a higher than desirable aluminium content in the pool water and whilst the most common, is probably the least acceptable method of dosing.

Preferably, make a stock solution of 5% with warm water and introduce it slowly with a dosing pump as far as possible upstream from the filter, so that at least 10 seconds elapse for the flocculation to take place before filtration. The precipitated Aluminium Hydroxide with gradually coat the upper level of sand with a gelatinous coating which will assist the filtration process.

Alternatively, make smaller additions of solid material (50 to 100 gm) to the strainer more frequently. If not run continuously, ensure the filter pump is run for a long period (upwards of 2 days) so that the coagulant and undesirable residues end up where you want them to be - in the filter, not in the pool
See also Pool Water Flocculant

 

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Bromine Tablets
Bromine tablets are best applied by means of a Brominator not in the skimmer. Fill the brominator with tablets and set according to the suppliers instructions to achieve a bromine residual of 1 to 3 p.p.m. in domestic pools and in commercial pools, where the bather load is higher, 4 to 6 p.p.m. Maintain pH between 7.2 and 7.6 

Test the water for for the bromine residual regularly and use the results to adjust the brominator.

 

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Calcium Hypochlorite
Use between 1 to 2.5 p.p.m. residual chlorine in small or domestic pools and 2.5 to 5 p.p.m. in public or heavily used pools. For each p.p.m. of chlorine required use 30gm per 20,000 litres of water. Add Chlorine stabiliser if required.
As it is unstabilised Calcium Hypochlorite is ideal for "shocking" the pool when required.

 

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Chlorine Reducer

For each 1ppm of excess free chlorine in each 1000 litres of pool water, 2 grams of Chlorine Reducer would be required.

For example: if you have 3ppm excess free chlorine in 50,000 litres of pool water, 300 grams of Chlorine Reducer would be required.

Predissolve the Chlorine Reducer in water and distribute around pool.

Maintain pool pH between 7.2 and 7.6.

DO NOT ADD DIRECTLY TO POOL.

 

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Chlorine Stabiliser

Chlorine stabiliser inhibits the degradation of unstabilised chlorine sanitisers such as Calcium and Sodium Hypochlorite.
Use 20gm per 20,000 litres for each 1 p.p.m. required. Predissolve the stabiliser in water and distribute around the pool. Stabiliser concentration should be maintained between 50 and 150 p.p.m. Dichlor and Trichlor are already stabilised and probably will not require separate additions of stabiliser.

 

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Dichlor

Use between 2 to 3 p.p.m. in small or domestic pools and 2.5 to 5 p.p.m. in public or heavily used pools. For each 1 p.p.m. required add 36gm of Dichlor to 20,000 litres of pool water. Do not add directly to the pool. Predissolve first in water and distribute around the pool. Maintain pH between 7.2 and 7.6. Dichlor is the most commonly used stabilised chlorine donor. It has an alkaline pH in solution and so will increase the pH of the pool water. This is useful if the pool water is supplied at less than pH 7.2.

 

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Dichlor Plus

This product is used similarly to Dichlor, but also adds a small quantity of copper to the water with each dose to deter algae turning the water green. Additionally a clarifier is added at the same time. Dichlor Plus is particularly designed for above ground and "splasher pools" to minimise the time spent maintaining the water. However it does not provide a full initial copper dose only a top up, so it is recommended that an initial dose of liquid copper algicide, such as Hiklear or Poolklear is added when filling the pool to achieve the required 0.4 p.p.m starting level of copper immediately.

Use between 2 to 3 p.p.m free chlorine in domestic pools. For each 1p.p.m of chlorine required add 20g of DICHLOR PLUS to 10,000 litres of pool water. Do not add directly to the pool. Predissolve first in water and distribute around the pool. Maintain pH between 7.2 and 7.6.

Because Dichlor Plus also contains a component to improve the efficiency of your filtration, it may be necessary to clean the filter cartridge more frequently.

 

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Filterklean

Sand Filters

Backwash filter and drain it.

Add 250 ml. per 18" filter, 500 ml per 24" filter or 750 ml per 30" filter

Fill the chamber with water. Allow to soak overnight.

Backwash the filter and return to service.

Cartridge Filters

Remove cartridge and other screens from the unit. Flush any soiling from the filter body, cartridge and screens. Soak overnight the filter cartridge and screens in a 2 to 5% solution of FILTERCLEAN depending upon soiling. Rinse thoroughly. Reassemble the filter and return to service.

Carry out these procedures at least fortnightly.

 

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Hardness Increase

It is necessary to keep control of the Calcium hardness in pool and spa water. Too much Calcium will cause scaling of pipes, valves, pumps and especially heat exchange equipment. Too little Calcium and pool construction materials such as tiles and cement will tend to dissolve in the water causing surface damage.

Various "ideal" Calcium levels are quoted by pool equipment manufacturers and you should seek their guidance. These are likely to be in the range of 100 to 500 parts per million. Typical levels would be 120 p.p.m for Plastic Pools and 220 p.p.m. for tiled and marblesheen pools.

If the pool equipment manufacturer advises raising the Calcium content: -

1 Kilo of Hardness Increase will raise the Calcium content of 20,000 litres of water by 90 parts per million.

If you need to reduce the hardness, then fresh water needs to be added, provided of course that it doesn't have too much Calcium in it. In this case SCALE CONTROL should be used to sequester the Calcium.

Note: If you are using Calcium Hypochlorite as a Sanitiser then you are already adding Calcium to the water. You should also know the hardness of your water supply. Your water supply company can tell you this. If your kettle regularly "furs up" then your water supply has got a lot of Calcium already!

 

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Hexaquest

This product provides the opposite treatment to increasing the Calcium hardness. It may become necessary when there is excess Calcium and Magnesium in the water and it is causing problems through scale build up. The two most likely causes are that the water supply is in itself excessively hard or use of Calcium Hypochlorite has caused the build up.

A typical dose rate would be 2.5 kilos per 25,000 litres of pool water. Predissolve the powder in hot water and distribute around the pool.

 

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Hiklear Algicide

Routine Use

Adjust pool pH to between 7.2 and 7.6

Test for total Copper content. If this has fallen below 0.2 mg/litre, add Long Life Algicide at the rate of 1 litre
per 25000 litres of pool water.

Heavy Duty Use

Shock treat the pool by raising the free chlorine level to between 10 and 20 p.p.m of available chlorine.

Add Hiklear Long Life Algicide at the rate of 2 litres per 25000 litres.

Test for Copper Content periodically and follow routine use instructions above.

Maintain sanitiser at normal levels to control bacteria.

Do not add directly to the water, pre dilute into several bucketfuls and distribute around the pool.

Do not use in conjunction with Baquacil sanitiser.

 

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Oxygen Shock

A non Chlorine shock designed as an alternative to using Chlorine based materials. It does not over stabilise the Chlorine and is particularly recommended for Bromine systems where its use will reactivate the sanitiser.

Adjust water pH to between 7.2 and 7.6

Pools

Add OXYGEN SHOCK at the rate of 250 grammes per 20,000 litres of Pool Water.
Dissolve in 50 to 100 gram quantities in a bucket of water and distribute evenly around the pool.

Spa Baths

Add OXYGEN SHOCK at the rate of 12 grammes per 1000 litres of water.
Predissolve in water and add to the bath.

Due to its fast dissolution, bathers can return to the water in 30 minutes.

Repeat treatment at 2 week intervals or more frequently if bather load is high or the pool becomes contaminated or cloudy.

 

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pH Decrease

Sodium Bisulphate is the traditional material for lowering pH in commercial and other pools.

Predissolve several 25 gram quantities of pH DECREASE in a bucket of water (without Chlorine or Bromine in it). Distribute around the pool. Typically add 300 grams to a 20,000 litre pool daily until the pool is in the range between pH7.2 and 7.6 It is always better to make several small corrections and retest between additions.

 

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pH Increase

If the pH of your water is too low, the water may become acidic enough to cause corrosion and can cause discomfort to the bather. It is then necessary to increase the pH.

Predissolve 10 grams of pH INCREASE in a bucket of water. Distribute around the pool. Allow several hours for the pump to mix the water and retest. It is always better to make several small corrections and control the pH between 7.2 and 7.6.

 

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Poolklear Algicide

New pools:

Adjust pH to between 7.2 and 7.6 with pH increase or pH decrease as necessary.
Add 0.75 litres of Poolklear Algicide per 25,000 litres of pool volume.

Routine Use:

Adjust pH to between 7.2 and 7.6 with pH increase or pH decrease as necessary.
Test for Copper content. If this has fallen below 0.2 mg/litre, add Poolklear
Algicide at the rate of 0.4 litres per 25,000 litres.

Provides an ideal overwinter treatment in conjunction with WINTER CONDITIONER.

 

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Poolwater Flocculant

Turbidity of pool water is sometimes caused by tiny particles which are negatively charged. As each particle has the same charge, they repel each other and cannot coagulate together to allow removal by the filtration system. The addition of a cationic (positively charged) polymer to the water attracts the negatively charged particles to it and allows coagulation.

Backwash the filter. Add POOL WATER FLOCCULANT at the rate of 0.75 litre per 25,000 litres of pool water. If the pool is very cloudy, you can either increase the dosage to 1 litres per 25,000 litres of pool water, or use a further application after 24 hours. Pre dilute the flocculant in a clean plastic container and distribute evenly around the pool. Circulate the filtration pump to circulate the water three times and then for a further 8 hours. It may be necessary to vacuum the pool if circulation is halted, but the particles will mostly be removed by the filtration.
The advantages of this material over Aluminium Sulphate are:

It does not add Aluminium to bathing water.
It can be added to pool water and is especially suitable for spa baths.
It has no effect on pH
It has no adverse affect on grout.

See also Aluminium Sulphate

 

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Quatklear Algicide

As a matter of personal preference, some people prefer an algicide without Copper. There are advantages and disadvantages. Copper products can stain and even cause fair or bleached hair to adopt a blue colouration. Many Copper compounds are classified as Dangerous to the Environment (at concentrations not likely to be found in pools). However by releasing Copper slowly into the water, Copper Algicides are usually of a "long life" type. Copper algicides do not sanitise.QUATKLEAR is based on a polyquaternary compound which is an effective against algae, does not stain, supplements the main sanitiser and as it is positively charged, can promote coagulation in the same manner as Pool Water Flocculant. This type of algicide is fully active when introduced into the pool and does not slowly release like a long life algicide.

Routine Use

Shock treat the pool with OXYGEN SHOCK.

Adjust pool pH to between 7.2 and 7.6

Add QUATKLEAR (Non Copper Algicide) to the pool at the rate of 1 litre per 25,000 litres.

Top up with weekly additions of 250 mls per 25,000 litres.

Heavy Duty Use

Shock treat the pool according to the sanitiser suppliers instructions.

Add Non Copper Algicide (QUATKLEAR) at the rate of 2 litres per 25000 litres.

Maintain sanitiser at normal levels to control bacteria.

QUATKLEAR will be absorbed by debris such as dead leaves or dead algae. Always brush or vacuum the pool before starting a chemical treatment.

 

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Scale Control

This material is used to inhibit scale formation and mineral precipitation in spa baths.

Initial dose rate: 70mls/100 gallons (154mls/1000 litres)

Top up dose rate: 25mls/100 gallons (55 mls/1000 litres) at least once a week

Additions should be made directly to the spa bath at the water inlet.

Spa bath water should be changed on a regular basis. If dissolved solids are allowed to build up, the point will be reached where scale control is not possible. Under these circumstances the water MUST be changed.

 

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Sodium Hypochlorite

Use between 2 to 3 p.p.m. residual chlorine in small or domestic pools and 2.5 to 5 p.p.m. in public or heavily used pools. For each p.p.m. of chlorine required use 150gm (120ml) per 20,000 litres of water. Add Chlorine stabiliser if required.
As it is unstabilised Sodium Hypochlorite is ideal for "shocking" the pool when required. It has the advantage that as it contains no Calcium, it is ideal for hard water use where it is not desirable to increase the Calcium content.

This product is intended for commercial use. Extreme care is required when using this material in a domestic environment. Under no circumstances should it be mixed with acids such as pH Decrease.

 

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Spa Antifoam

This silicone emulsion is used to control foam in spa baths.

Make additions when the circulation and filtration system is running.

Initial dose: 100ml/1000 litres
Weekly or as required maintenance dose: 50ml/1000 litres

Storage: Store above 5Deg. C. Do not allow to freeze.

 

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Spaklean

Highly concentrated chlorinated alkaline detergent used for circulation cleaning. Not suitable for use on die castings and alkali sensitive metals.

Clear Spa Area and ensure no bathers can enter.
Add SPAKLEAN to spa bath at the rate of 40-80mls per 1000 litres of spa water dependent upon soiling.
Circulate for a minimum of one hour but preferably longer.
Drain spa bath and refill with water.
Circulate the water for 15 minutes and drain.
Refill spa bath.
Adjust pH of the water and add the recommended amount of sanitiser.

 

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Spa Essences

Like Sauna Milks, the addition of a fragrance to your spa bath is a matter of personal choice both as to the type and to the intensity. Start off with just a 1 or 2 capfuls in 1000 litres and increase if necessary until you like the effect. Consider too that your fellow bathers may have different tastes and don't try too many cocktails of fragrances.

 

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SpaLine

Lower water by several inches, apply SPALINE to dirty area.
Leave for around 10 minutes.
Gently rub area until the tide mark is removed.
Remove gel with a clean cloth.
Care should be taken not to drip gel into the water.
Top up water to desired level and check pH and sanitiser levels of the water.

 

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Steam and Sauna Milks

The amount used is very much a matter of personal preference. Our product is one of the most concentrated available. For saunas we suggest a starting point of 1 or 2 capfuls to a 10 litre bucket of water. This is then poured over the hot rocks. Do not pour the concentrate onto hot surfaces directly. Our sauna milks are specially formulated to minimise the charred odour that can occur with some products.

For steam room injection a typical use would be making a stock solution of 1 part product : 2 parts water. This is then injected into the system at typically 1:20

 

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Tileklean

Use as received.

Apply to the area to be cleaned by brush or acid resistant spray and work well into the dirt/scale.
Leave for 15 minutes to allow penetration. Rinse off thoroughly with cold water. Repeat the treatment as required.

If scale and grease is allowed to build up, it will become increasingly difficult to remove and can even cause unsightly staining. Because of this, regular cleaning is recommended.

 

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Total Alkalinity Increase

Total alkalinity measures the bicarbonate content of the pool. This is present as a pH "buffer".
It should be regularly monitored and maintained at between 100 and 200 p.p.m.
Any lower than 100 p.p.m will cause the pH to fluctuate in an uncontrolled manner.
More than 200 p.p.m causes the pool water to resist pH changes due to "overbuffering".

When the Total Alkalinity is less than 100 p.p.m, add Total Alkalinity Increase at the rate of
1 Kg per 25,000 litres of pool water.

When the Total Alkalinity is in excess of 200 p.p.m, add pH Decrease at the rate of 0.75 Kg per
25,000 litres of poolwater.

 

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Trichlor

Dispense using a chlorinator. Use between 2 to 3 p.p.m. residual chlorine in small or domestic pools and 2.5 to 5 p.p.m. in public or heavily used pools. Being acidic, Trichlor will reduce the pool water pH and so it is particularly useful where the incoming mains water is alkaline.

 

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Trichlor Plus

Dispense using a chlorinator. Use between 2 to 3 p.p.m. residual chlorine in small or domestic pools and 2.5 to 5 p.p.m. in public or heavily used pools. Being acidic, Trichlor will reduce the pool water pH and so it is particularly useful where the incoming mains water is alkaline.

This product is used similarly to Trichlor, but also adds a small quantity of copper to the water with each dose to deter algae turning the water green. Additionally a clarifier is added at the same time. Trichlor Plus is particularly designed for above ground and "splasher pools" to minimise the time spent maintaining the water. However it does not provide a full initial copper dose only a top up, so it is recommended that an initial dose of liquid copper algicide, such as Hiklear or Poolklear is added when filling the pool to achieve the required 0.4 p.p.m starting level of copper immediately.

Because Trichlor Plus also contains a component to improve the efficiency of your filtration, it may be necessary to clean the filter cartridge more frequently.

 

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Winter Conditioner

Used to minimise algal growth and scale deposition problems during pool over wintering.

WINTER CONDITIONER is even more effective when used in conjunction with POOLKLEAR Algicide.

Instructions for use:

Remove all debris from the pool.

Adjust the pH of the pool water to between 7.2 & 7.6, using pH Increase or Decrease as required.

Shock dose the pool with 5 litres per 25,000 litres of Sodium Hypochlorite or 1 Kilo of OXYGEN SHOCK
per 25,000 litres.

Raise the concentration of POOLKLEAR Algicide by the addition of 1 litre per 25,000 litres of
pool water.

Add WINTER CONDITIONER to the pool at a rate of 3 Litres per 25,000 litres of pool water.

 

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General Safety Information for all chemicals

Chemicals have become an essential part of our world. If treated with respect and understanding, they improve safety standards within the pool environment and enhance our enjoyment. Please read these general precautions, which can also apply to other chemicals found in a domestic environment and enjoy your pool and spa bath.

UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES MIX CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE WITH STABILISED CHLORINE DONORS (DICHLOR OR TRICHLOR)

Do not use with other materials unless the instructions say you can. With pool chemicals, this is particularly true with Chlorine, Bromine and Oxygen Sanitisers.

When pre-dissolving chemicals, always use a clean polythene container. Wash thoroughly before and after use.

Close the container after use.

Do not eat whilst handling chemicals.

Store chemicals in a cool dry place well away from children and animals.

Do not smoke whilst handling chemicals.

Handle chemicals in a well ventilated area, especially Chlorine and Bromine products.

Do not allow powders to become damp.

Add chemicals to water rather than the reverse.

Do not add chemicals to the pool or spa bath whilst there are people in the water.

Consult the local authority before disposing of surplus chemicals. They may have a special procedure for this.

Do not discharge large quantities of water containing chemicals without the consent of the disposal authority.
In the UK this will usually be your water company.

Carefully clean up all spillage.

Regularly test your pool water.

 

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Newtown, Powys, SY16 4LE, Wales UK.    Tel: 44 (0) 1686 627158    Fax: 44 (0) 1686 627580

Copyright Confederate Chemicals Limited 2002